SDG 2 : ZERO HUNGER
GOAL : End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
Hunger is the leading cause of death in the world and creates a barrier to ensuring sustainable development, as extreme hunger and malnutrition leads to individuals who are more prone to disease and unable to earn more and improve their livelihoods.
According to estimates, 2 billion people in the world do not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. Moreover, in 2019, 144 million children under the age of 5 were stunted due to chronic and recurrent malnutrition.
The eight targets of goal 2 to eradicate world hunger are:
Universal access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.
End all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.
Double the productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.
Sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.
Maintain the genetic diversity in food production
Invest in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology and gene banks, in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
Prevent agricultural trade restrictions, market distortions and export subsidies
Ensure stable food commodity markets and timely access to information